Close reading is the careful study of a short passage to build deep critical understanding of the text. It develops comprehension and higher-order thinking skills and is critical for analytical reading and writing used in higher education.*
* "A significant body of research links close reading of complex text—whether the student is a struggling reader or advanced—to significant gains in reading proficiency, and finds close reading to be a key component of college and career readiness."
(Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers, 2012, p.7)